Family Projection Process - Research Papers - 290 Words
Family Projection Process describes the mechanism whereby parental anxiety is transmitted to children. Initially children are passive recipients. As they grow older, they quickly become participants.
Family Systems Theory Family Projection Process
The focus of Bowen family system therapy centers around eight key concepts: differentiation of self, triangles, nuclear family emotional systems, the family projection process, emotional cutoff, the multigenerational transmission process, sibling position, and societal emotional process.
Not only is the family projection process automatic and out of awareness; it also has to do with the parents’ connection to the generations in their own families. They, too, were the recipients of parental anxiety, as were their parents before them. The process is too big in all our families to leave room for blame.
Nuclear (or Core) Family EmotionalProcess: This concept describes the observable mechanisms and patternsof emotional functioning in a family, in a single generation, as it responds tothe activity of its members and impacting events. These processes are thereflexive action or activity of the system to the varying amounts of anxietyand the systems attempt to achieve equilibrium or balance. These processes are:marital conflict, dysfunction of a spouse, and impairment of one or more childrenthrough the family projection process. Emotional distancing, not considered adistinct category because it is a feature of all relationships, is intertwinedwith all the patterns of emotional functioning in a nuclear family. The nuclearfamily emotional process (the observable mechanisms and patterns of emotionalfunctioning) of the current generation typically is a replica of pastgenerations and will be repeated in the generations to follow.1) Differentiation of Self
3) Nuclear Family Emotional Process
4) Family Projection Process
6) Multigenerational Transmission Process
7) Sibling Position
8) Societal Emotional Process. Family Projection Process: Oneof the processes of emotional functioning observed in the nuclear family, tovarying degrees, is the Family Projection Process. As a result of this process,the basic level of differentiation, or the reactivity of the parents of thefamily unit, and their level of chronic anxiety is to one or more children who become(s) impaired to somedegree and may then develop physical, andsocial symptoms.The fixed triangle is evident in the family projection process, where parents in a nuclear family focus anxiety on a child and the child develops problems. Parents then usually attempt to get the child to change or they ask an expert to "fix" the child. Experienced Bowen family systems consultants report that when parents can instead manage their own anxiety and resolve their own relationship issues, the functioning of the child automatically improves. On this foundation Bowen developed eight principles that illustrated his theory: 1) the differentiation of self, 2) the triangle, 3) the nuclear family emotional process, 4) the family projection process, 5) the multi-generational transmission process, 6) sibling position, 7) the emotional cutoff and 8) emotional processes in society.Parents often feel they have not given enough love, attention, or support to a child manifesting problems, but they have invested more time, energy, and worry in this child than in his siblings. The siblings less involved in the family projection process have a more mature and reality-based relationship with their parents that fosters the siblings developing into less needy, less reactive, and more goal-directed people. Both parents participate equally in the family projection process, but in different ways. The mother is usually the primary caretaker and more prone than the father to excessive emotional involvement with one or more of the children. The father typically occupies the outside position in the parental triangle, except during periods of heightened tension in the mother-child relationship. Both parents are unsure of themselves in relationship to the child, but commonly one parent acts sure of himself or herself and the other parent goes along. The intensity of the projection process is unrelated to the amount of time parents spend with a child. The family projection process describes the primary way parents transmit their emotional problems to a child. The projection process can impair the functioning of one or more children and increase their vulnerability to clinical symptoms. Children inherit many types of problems (as well as strengths) through the relationships with their parents, but the problems they inherit that most affect their lives are relationship sensitivities such as heightened needs for attention and approval, difficulty dealing with expectations, the tendency to blame oneself or others, feeling responsible for the happiness of others or that others are responsible for one's own happiness, and acting impulsively to relieve the anxiety of the moment rather than tolerating anxiety and acting thoughtfully. If the projection process is fairly intense, the child develops stronger relationship sensitivities than his parents. The sensitivities increase a person's vulnerability to symptoms by fostering behaviors that escalate chronic anxiety in a relationship system. 4. Family Projection Process: Parents transmit their own emotional immaturity and unresolved family dynamics to their children. This results in parental over involvement or fusion with the child who is the subject of the projection. It is more difficult for the child who is over involved with his parent to differentiate. He or she has a perceived job within the family.