Walker, Breanna, Josh The Second Battle of El Alamein Where
‘Australians storm a strongpoint’. A posed portrait of Australian troops advancing during the Second Battle of El Alamein, 3 September 1942.
Lego WW2 - The Second Battle of El Alamein - YouTube
On the second day of the Second Battle of El Alamein, 24 October, 1942, British tank crews of The Queen’s Bays 2nd Dragoon Guards, 1st Armoured Division, rush to their M4 Shermans.
The Second Battle of El Alamein was fought between the British Eighth Army and the German Army. The British Army was led by Bernard Law Montgomery and the Germans were led by General Erwin Rommel. It was fought from October 23 to November 5, 1942. The Battle of El Alamein turned the tide in favor of the Allies in World War II.
The Desert Fox had been defeated. With the British Desert Air Force pounding his troops from above and his supply situation critical, Rommel called for a general retreat to prepare his defensive line for the inevitable British counter. The Axis initiative in the North African campaign was lost, as was any chance they had at achieving ultimate victory in the desert. Montgomery chose to not immediately follow this defensive victory by pursuing the reeling Axis, a decision that he has often been criticized for. He instead chose to build up his forces for the next encounter to come; an encounter he was determined to fight on his timetable and under his own terms. This upcoming confrontation, The Second Battle of El Alamein, would be considered as one of the key turning points of the entire war.The Second Battle of El Alamein cost Rommel around 2,349 killed, 5,486 wounded, and 30,121 captured. In addition, his armored units effectively ceased to exist as a fighting force. For Montgomery, the fighting resulted in 2,350 killed, 8,950 wounded, and 2,260 missing, as well as around 200 tanks permanently lost. The Second Battle of El Alamein turned the tide in North Africa in favor of the Allies. Montgomery drove Rommel back to El Agheila in Libya. Montgomery paused to rest and rebuild his supply lines. He continued to attack in mid-December and pressed Rommel into retreating again. British forces were joined in North Africa by American troops, who had landed in Algeria and Morocco. Allied forces succeeded in evicting the Axis from North Africa on May 13, 1943.At the conclusion of the Second Battle of El Alamein, the Axis suffered 37,000 casualties, which was over 30% of Axis forces engaged, while the Allies suffered 13,500, which was smaller by number as well as smaller by percentage of total forces engaged. Axis forces on the Egyptian-Libyan border was by this time down to little over 5,000 men, 20 tanks, and 50 guns, which was remarkably weak, thus many had since criticized Montgomery for being far too conservative, noting that a immediate further push might had dealt a final blow on the Axis forces in the entire region. Nevertheless, the battle was a great victory for the Allies, and affirmed Montgomery as a capable commander who knew how to use his numerical advantage in a war of attrition against Rommel, who had a smaller force.Fought in Egypt during the Autumn of 1942, the Second Battle of El Alamein was not just a turning point in the North African Campaign, but also the first major victory by the Allied Powers against Germany and Italy.The New Zealand Division played a key role in the second Battle of El Alamein, which began on 23 October 1942. Its task, along with South African, Australian and British divisions, was to 'break in' through the enemy defences, which were now covered by deep minefields. At 9.40 p.m. the skies around El Alamein lit up as around 900 guns opened fire on known Axis positions. Twenty minutes later the infantry began their assault, advancing forward under a First World War-style creeping barrage. While the New Zealanders seized their objectives, the overall battle did not develop as Montgomery expected. Congestion, poor coordination and cautious leadership prevented Allied armoured units from taking advantage of gains made by the infantry. Two important World War II battles were fought in the area. At the First Battle of El Alamein (July 1 -- July 27, 1942) the advance of Axis troops on Alexandria was blunted by the Allies, when the German Panzers tried to outflank the allied position. At the Second Battle of El Alamein (October 23 -- November 4, 1942) Allied forces broke the Axis line and forced them all the way back to Tunisia. In every war, there are often a handful of battles that define the course of entire campaigns. The Second Battle of El Alamein was one of these: the dramatic and shocking British counteroffensive during the North Africa campaign of WW2 led to a complete defeat of the Axis forces in the region, and is often hailed as a turning point for the Allied war efforts in North Africa. This is part one of a that focuses on the battle from the viewpoint of military history. Please feel free to continue reading about this legendary victory, or head to the homepage to browse our other .